What is Spinal Fusion?

Spinal FusionIt's important to understand what spinal fusion is and how it is accomplished. The spine is made up of a series of bones called vertebrae. Between each vertebra are strong connective tissues which hold them together and act as a cushion between them. These discs let your back bend and rotate.

Traditional spinal fusion is a surgical technique in which one or more of the vertebrae of the spine are united or fused together.  Traditional spinal fusion surgery, however, does not weld the vertebrae during the operation. During spinal fusion procedures bone grafts are placed around the spine. The body then heals the grafts over several months - like healing a fracture - which joins the vertebrae together.

There may be many reasons for surgery. A major reason to do surgery is vertebral fracture. Not all spine fractures need surgery. However, some fractures such as those associated with spinal cord or nerve injury generally require surgery. 

The Spine and Back specialists at Spine Centers of America offer the most innovative nonsurgical and surgical treatment options by bringing together the expertise of specialists from different disciplines in one location. Treatment, whether it’s surgical or nonsurgical, is tailored individually to each patient. Certain types of spinal deformity, such as scoliosis, are also commonly treated with surgery.

Scoliolis sometimes appears in children and adolescents. It is an "S" shaped curvature of the spine and surgery is indicated for very large curves or for smaller curves that are getting worse. Sometimes a hairline fracture allows vertebrae to slip forward on top of each other. This condition is called spondylolisthesis and can be treated by surgery. Some herniated discs require surgery. With this procedure, the disc is removed through an incision in the front of the neck and a small piece of bone is inserted in place of the disc.

Regardless of your spinal condition, our spine center is here to help you find back pain relief.